Our Capacity Building approach.
In 2016 we commissioned an independent learning review of our Capacity Building model. The review focused on our experience in Cambodia and Bangladesh, and was carried out by Anne Garbutt of INTRAC and Brenda Lipson of Framework, two leading consultancy organisations specialising in capacity building. The review confirmed that our approach is working as we thought, that it is effective, and that it contributes to positive change in line with our Theory of Change.
- Bangladesh Capacity Building Learning Review.
- Cambodia Capacity Building Learning Review and Annex.
- Cross-cutting Capacity Building Learning Review.
- Our Theory of Change.
- How we add value.
- Gender Assessment Tool.
- Three Circles Tool.
Policy papers & recommendations.
ADD International is an active player in influencing policies worldwide. We are helping to produce disability and development policies and recommendations on why, and how, to make development more disability inclusive.
- Disability and Development. Disabled people’s voice, participation and empowerment (2013). Submission to the IDC.
- Disability and Development. Disabled parliamentarians and MPs (2014). Supplementary evidence for the IDC.
- Jobs and Livelihoods. The exclusion of disabled people from jobs and livelihoods (2014). Submission to the IDC.
- Disability and climate change (2014). Submission to the Environmental Audit Committee for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
How to mainstream disability into development work.
Disability is present in all communities; it cuts across all economic classes, affects people of all ages and gender, and with a steadily increasing proportion of older people and those with long-term health conditions living in developing countries the impact of disability on development is likely to become more significant.
The importance of disability inclusive development is growing. Development organisations therefore need to be planning how they will ensure their programmes are increasingly inclusive of disabled people. Read our report into how you can mainstream disability into your development work.
Gender Based Violence
ADD International’s work over the years with disabled women has resulted in an increased focus on the intersectional discrimination of gender and disability. In 2016 we commissioned a review of our gender based violence work. We wanted to identify what has worked and not worked to ensure learning is fed back into practice.
Evidencing the scale of the problem. Women with diverse disabilities researched and collected a sample of thirty short life stories from other women and girls with disabilities, and analysed these stories to explore their core themes in relation to their own lived experience.
In Tanzania we work with disability activists to deliver a rights-based response to inclusive education. Together, we have helped enrol 808 children and train 708 teachers in inclusive methods. To review the impact of this work we undertook a ground breaking research project.
To our knowledge, this was the first time in Africa, children with disabilities conducted peer led research to tell us how we are doing - what is working and what more needs to be done. This paper outlines the lessons they want to teach us and how we can build a collective path forward so that no child is left behind.
Voices of the Marginalised
A collection of perspectives of marginalised people. These reports shares the real-life stories of people with disabilities, older people and people with mental health issues in Bangladesh and Tanzania. The methodology chosen was a community-based participatory approach: in other words, people with disabilities and older people were asked to become researchers themselves, and were trained to collect and analyse stories from peers in rural and urban areas.
Can markets work for people living in extreme poverty?
Markets can’t solve inequality alone. However, if we are really committed to the ‘leave no one behind’ agenda then markets have a critical role to play in making sure the most marginalised people are given opportunities and they must work harder to reach those left behind.
New research funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, that included a 9-month study of how market-based approaches can work for the most marginalised – specifically disabled women in Uganda – identifies four key enabling factors that need to be put in place.
Sustainable Development Goals
The sustainable development goals (SDGs) are a new, universal set of goals, targets and indicators that UN member states will be expected to use to frame their agendas and political policies over the next 15 years, until 2030.
The SDGs follow, and expand on, the millennium development goals (MDGs), which were agreed by governments in 2000, and are due to expire at the end of this year. The new goals, specifically mention disability in a number of indicators.
Read the Guardian's Interactive Guide on the 17 SDGs or this short guide on what they are, how they were agreed and why they are important.
Global reports and guides on disability
& related issues.
- World report on Disability (2011). A report by the World Health Organisation (WHO). According to this study, about 15% of the world's population lives with some form of disability
- Disability inclusion (2015). A guide which summarises some of the most rigorous available evidence on the key debates and challenges of disability inclusion in development and humanitarian response.
Education & children
- Equal right. Equal opportunity. Inclusive education for children with disabilities (2014). A report by the Global Campaign for Education outlining the barriers faced by disabled chilren and making the case for inclusive education.
- Situation Analysis on Children with Disabilities in Bangladesh (2014). A report by UNICEF Bangladesh, in collaboration with ADD Bangladesh.
- Children with disabilities (2013). A report by UNICEF as part of 'The state of the world's children 2013'
- Turning Promises into Progress (2015). A report by the Gender and Development Network on gender equality and rights for women and girls. It includes several mentions about disability.
Spotlight: Better mental health in the global south. Key Resources. Many free, useful resources are available online on various aspects of mental health by SciDevNet.
Disability, poverty & development
- IDC Report on Disability and Development (2014). The International Development Committee in the UK launched an inquiry to audit DFID’s current policy commitments on disability and development, and whether it needs a disability strategy. The Report concluded that MPs say development goals will remain out of reach unless DFID urgently steps up its work on disability.
- DFID's Disability Framework (2014). The framework sets out the UK government's vision for disability and what steps needs to be take to strengthen disability inclusion development policies.
- Disability Inclusive Development Toolkit (2015). A simple, practical toolkit by CBM to help an organisation understand disability and embrace the committment to leave no one behind, reflecting on what actions you can take to practice and promote disability inclusion, in your work place, at home, in the community.
- A Donor's guide to Inclusion. a supportive manual for how donors can address disability from a human rights perspective, in particular by supporting representative organizations of persons with disabilities.
- Disability, poverty and development (2000). A report by DFID, looking at the links between poverty and disability.
- Disability and poverty: a complex and nuanced issue. A blog post by Dr Daniel Mont an international expert on disability data and inclusive policy.
- Disability Inclusive Development. A 'Knowledge Management Development Journal' about making development inclusive.
- Humanitarian Financing for Older People (2010). A study by Help Age International, which found a significant disparity between the needs of older people as a vulnerable group and the humanitarian assistance funded to meet that need.
- Accessible elections for persons with disabilities in five Southeast Asia countries (2013). A pioneering research on election access for persons with disabilities in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam.
Global policy frameworks
There are two key pieces of global policy relating to disability.
1. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
In a perfect world, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, would be enough to protect everyone. But in practice certain minority groups have fared far worse than other groups. International conventions, such as the CRPD, are in place to protect and promote the human rights of these groups. By ratifying a convention a country accepts its legal obligations under the treaty and will adopt implementing legislation.
The UN's Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is a major step toward changing the perception of disability and ensuring that disabled people are given equal opportunities in society. Read more about here and here.
The 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development.
This historic document lays out the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to mobilise global efforts to end poverty, foster peace, safeguard the rights and dignity of all people, and protect the planet.
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Recently, in Sendai Japan, at the 2015 World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, key international disability groups lobbied to ensure greater recognition of the issues that PWDs face in disasters. As a result, disability was, for the first time, included in a global disaster framework: the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Paris Agreement for Climate Change
The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gases emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance starting in the year 2020.
Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development
This historical agreement provides a foundation for implementing the global sustainable development agenda adopted by world leaders.